Mint Thai Logo
My Personal Thai Food Recipe Blog!

Share This Recipe


Sankaya Faktong Recipe (Thai Pumpkin Custard)

Sankaya Faktong Recipe_Feature

Discover the enchanting flavors of Thailand with our Sankaya Faktong Recipe, a dessert that blends the natural sweetness of kabocha squash with the creamy goodness of pandan-infused custard. This traditional Thai delicacy, often served in a hollowed-out kabocha squash bowl, is a true culinary masterpiece. The combination of tender kabocha squash and the aromatic essence of pandan leaves creates a dessert that’s as visually stunning as it is delicious. In this recipe, we’ll guide you through the steps to recreate this delightful treat, allowing you to savor the authentic taste of Thailand in the comfort of your own kitchen. Whether you’re an experienced chef or a home cook seeking new culinary adventures, our Sankaya Faktong Recipe will transport your taste buds to the vibrant streets of Thailand, one delectable bite at a time.

The Origin of Sankaya Faktong Recipe

Within the realm of traditional Thai desserts, you’ll find Sankaya Faktong, a recipe that marries the rich sweetness of custard with the earthy tones of pumpkin, originating from the central regions of Thailand. The dessert’s roots reflect a blend of Thai culinary traditions and foreign influences, particularly from Portuguese traders and missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. They brought with them the technique of making custard, which was then ingeniously combined with the local ingredient, pumpkin, by Thai cooks.

You might think of Sankaya Faktong as a bridge between cultures, a sweet testament to Thailand’s history of trade and exchange. It’s not just a treat; it’s a slice of history, flavored with the exotic spices that once traveled the trade routes. You’ll often find it during festivals and celebrations, presented as a symbol of prosperity and fortune.

Making this dessert requires a bit of patience and skill. You’ll scoop out a pumpkin, fill it with a mixture of eggs, palm sugar, coconut milk, and aromatic pandan leaves, and then steam it until it’s just set. When you cut into it, the vibrant orange of the pumpkin flesh and the creamy custard create a striking contrast — a feast for the eyes as much as for the palate.

Selecting the Right Pumpkin

To ensure your Sankaya Faktong turns out perfectly, you’ll need to choose a pumpkin that’s firm, small to medium-sized, and has a smooth, even surface. This type of pumpkin won’t only hold its shape during cooking but also provide the ideal canvas for the sweet custard filling.

When you’re at the market or store, keep an eye out for a Kabocha or Japanese pumpkin, often favored for this dish. Its dense flesh and sweet flavor make it a prime candidate. You can also opt for a sugar pumpkin, which is known for its culinary uses. Avoid the large carving pumpkins as they’re too watery and lack the necessary sweetness.

Give the pumpkin a gentle tap; a hollow sound suggests it’s ripe and ready to be transformed into a delectable dessert. The stem should be intact, which is a sign of freshness, and the skin should be free of bruises and blemishes. Remember, a consistent color all around indicates that the pumpkin has ripened evenly.

Once you’ve selected the perfect pumpkin, you’re all set to move on to preparing and savoring a traditional Sankaya Faktong that’s sure to impress.

Preparing the Pumpkin

Once you’ve picked your ideal pumpkin, you’ll typically want to start by washing its exterior to remove any dirt or debris. It’s essential because you’ll be using the pumpkin as a serving vessel for the custard. Gently scrub the surface with a soft brush under running water. After that, dry it thoroughly with a clean towel.

Next, you’ll need to create an opening at the top of the pumpkin to scoop out the seeds and stringy flesh. Carefully cut a lid around the stem with a sharp knife, making sure the hole is wide enough for your hand to fit through. As you remove the lid, angle the knife slightly inward to create a cone shape. This will prevent the lid from falling into the pumpkin when you replace it later.

Now it’s time to clean out the inside. Use a sturdy spoon to scrape away all the seeds and strings. Be thorough but gentle; you don’t want to puncture the pumpkin walls. Once it’s completely hollow, give it a final wipe to ensure the inside is dry and clean.

Your pumpkin is now ready for the custard filling.

Balancing Sweetness and Flavor

After preparing your pumpkin, you’ll need to focus on creating a custard that strikes the perfect balance between sweetness and the rich, aromatic flavors characteristic of Thai cuisine. It’s crucial to get the right mix of sugar and coconut milk, which will provide the sweetness and creamy texture that Sankaya Faktong is known for. But don’t just rely on sugar for taste; the secret lies in the subtleties.

You’ll also be incorporating palm sugar, which imparts a depth of flavor that white sugar can’t match. It’s got a caramel-like essence that’ll meld beautifully with the smoothness of the coconut milk. However, be careful not to overdo it. You’re aiming for a gentle sweetness that complements, not overpowers, the natural taste of the pumpkin.

Next, introduce the aromatic elements that make this dessert distinctively Thai. A hint of vanilla, a pinch of salt, and a whisper of pandan leaf or extract will elevate the custard. These ingredients should be used sparingly; their role is to enhance, not dominate. Think of them as the supporting cast that lets the pumpkin and coconut milk shine as the stars of your dish.

Sankaya Faktong Recipe_06

The Role of Pandan Leaves

Every authentic Sankaya Faktong recipe includes a crucial ingredient, pandan leaves, which you’ll find impart a unique, aromatic dimension that’s essential to the dish’s signature flavor. These slender, blade-like leaves aren’t just for show; they infuse the custard with a subtle, grassy sweetness that you can’t replicate with any other herb.

You’ll typically blend the pandan leaves with coconut milk or water to extract their essence, which then gets strained and added to your custard mix. This process ensures that the flavor is evenly distributed throughout the custard without leaving any fibrous bits behind. It’s a step you shouldn’t skip, as the pandan is to Sankaya Faktong what vanilla is to Western-style custards.

Pandan’s role extends beyond taste—it also imparts a natural, verdant hue to the dessert, making it visually appealing. While the pumpkin provides a golden color, the pandan tints the custard with a gentle green, creating a beautiful contrast that’s as pleasing to the eye as it’s to the palate.

Sankaya Faktong Recipe_Cooking

How to make Sankaya Faktong (Thai Pumpkin Custard) at home

Sankaya Faktong, also known as Thai Pumpkin Custard, is a delicious and visually appealing dessert that's often served in a hollowed-out kabocha squash bowl. This dessert combines the sweet, creamy flavor of custard with the natural sweetness and earthy taste of kabocha squash. Here's a detailed recipe for making Sankaya Faktong:
Prep Time 50 minutes
Cook Time 1 hour
Total Time 1 hour 50 minutes
Course Dessert
Cuisine Asian, Thai
Servings 6
Calories 200 kcal


  • Steaming Equipment: A large pot or steamer for steaming the filled kabocha squash.
  • Blender or Food Processor: You'll need a blender or food processor to blend the custard mixture until it's smooth and well combined.
  • Fine-Mesh Sieve or Cheesecloth To strain the custard mixture and remove any fibrous or chunky bits from the kabocha squash.
  • Cutting board and knife For peeling, dicing, and preparing the kabocha squash.
  • Mixing bowl A bowl to pour the strained custard mixture into before filling the kabocha squash.
  • Measuring cups and spoons To accurately measure the ingredients, including coconut milk, sugar, and other seasonings.
  • Spoon or Ladle: To scoop out the kabocha squash seeds and pulp when hollowing out the squash also to ladle the custard mixture into the squash.
  • Toothpick or Knife: To check the doneness of the custard during steaming. If it comes out clean, the custard is ready.
  • kitchen timer To keep track of the steaming time for the filled kabocha squash.
  • Serveware: Plates or bowls for serving the Sankaya Faktong and serving utensils, if needed.
  • Pot Holders or Oven Mitts: To handle the hot kabocha squash and pot during steaming and removal from the steamer.
  • Optional garnish If you plan to garnish the dessert, you might need additional utensils like a spoon or squeeze bottle for drizzling coconut cream or arranging decorative elements like pandan leaves or edible flowers.


For the Custard:

  • 2 cups kabocha squash (also known as Thai pumpkin), peeled and diced into small pieces
  • 4 large eggs
  • 1 cup coconut milk
  • 1/2 cup palm sugar or brown sugar (adjust to taste)
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 4-5 pandan leaves, tied into a knot (for flavor and color)
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract (optional)

For the Kabocha Squash Bowl:

  • 1 kabocha squash (medium-sized)


Prepare the Kabocha Squash Bowl:

  • Wash the kabocha squash thoroughly.
  • Cut off the top of the squash to create a lid. Set the lid aside.
  • Scoop out the seeds and pulp from the squash using a spoon, creating a hollow bowl. Be careful not to puncture the bottom of the squash.

Steam the Kabocha Squash:

  • Place the hollowed-out squash and its lid in a steamer. Steam them for about 10-15 minutes or until the squash becomes tender but not mushy. Check for doneness by inserting a fork or knife into the flesh; it should go in easily.
  • Once steamed, remove the squash from the steamer and let it cool.

Prepare the Custard Mixture:

  • In a blender, combine the diced kabocha squash, coconut milk, eggs, palm sugar, salt, and pandan leaves (for flavor and color). You can also add vanilla extract for extra flavor, if desired.
  • Blend the mixture until it becomes smooth and well combined.

Strain the Custard Mixture:

  • Pour the custard mixture through a fine-mesh sieve or cheesecloth into a bowl. This step helps remove any fibrous or chunky bits from the squash, resulting in a smoother custard.

Fill the Kabocha Squash:

  • Carefully pour the strained custard mixture into the hollowed-out kabocha squash, leaving a small gap at the top to prevent overflowing during cooking.
  • Place the squash lid back on top.

Steam the Sankaya Faktong:

  • Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Once boiling, lower the heat to a simmer.
  • Place the filled kabocha squash, with the lid on, in a steamer basket or on a steaming rack. Steam for approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour, or until the custard is set. To check for doneness, insert a toothpick or knife into the custard; it should come out clean.


  • Carefully remove the filled kabocha squash from the steamer.
  • Let it cool slightly before serving. You can serve it warm or at room temperature.


  • Choosing the Kabocha Squash: Select a ripe and flavorful kabocha squash for the best results. Look for a squash that is firm, heavy for its size, and has a deep, rich color.
  • Pandan Leaves: Pandan leaves are commonly used in Southeast Asian cooking for their unique aroma and flavor. If you can’t find fresh pandan leaves, you can use pandan extract or pandan essence as a substitute. Start with a few drops and adjust to your taste.
  • Coconut Milk: Use full-fat coconut milk for a rich and creamy custard. Shake the can of coconut milk well before using it, as the thick coconut cream often separates from the thinner milk.
  • Straining the Mixture: Straining the custard mixture is essential to ensure a smooth texture. It removes any fibrous bits from the kabocha squash, resulting in a silky custard.
  • Steaming Time: The steaming time can vary depending on the size and thickness of the kabocha squash. Keep an eye on it and check for doneness by inserting a toothpick or knife into the custard. If it comes out clean, the custard is ready.
  • Adjusting Sugar: The amount of palm sugar or brown sugar can be adjusted to your preferred level of sweetness. Taste the custard mixture before pouring it into the squash to make sure it’s sweet enough for your liking.
  • Variations: You can get creative with this recipe by adding other ingredients to the custard mixture. Some people like to add a handful of cooked glutinous rice for added texture, or you can sprinkle some toasted sesame seeds on top before steaming for extra flavor and crunch.
  • Serving Presentation: To enhance the visual appeal, you can garnish the Sankaya Faktong with a drizzle of coconut cream, a few pandan leaves for decoration, or even some edible flowers.
  • Storing: If you have leftover Sankaya Faktong, store it in the refrigerator. It can be enjoyed chilled or gently reheated in a steamer before serving.
  • Enjoying: Sankaya Faktong is often enjoyed as a dessert, but it can also be a delightful breakfast or snack. The combination of the sweet custard and the natural sweetness of the kabocha squash makes it a versatile treat.
Keyword coconut, dessert, Egg

Testing Custard Doneness

To ensure your Sankaya Faktong’s texture is perfect, you’ll need to master the art of testing its doneness. This isn’t as daunting as it might sound. There’s a simple, tried-and-true method to check if your Thai pumpkin custard has set just right.

Begin by observing its appearance; the custard should look firm around the edges but will still have a slight jiggle in the center. That jiggle is key – it indicates that the custard isn’t overcooked.

Next, you can perform the skewer test. Gently insert a thin skewer or toothpick into the center of the custard. If it comes out clean, your Sankaya Faktong is ready to come out of the steamer or oven. If there’s liquid custard on the skewer, give it a few more minutes before testing again.

Don’t forget that custard continues to cook a bit even after it’s removed from the heat, thanks to residual heat. This is called carryover cooking. So, when you’re testing doneness, take the custard out just before you think it’s completely set.

With practice, you’ll be able to nail the perfect consistency every time. Enjoy the creamy, sweet reward of your perfectly cooked Sankaya Faktong!

Sankaya Faktong Recipe_01

Traditional Garnishes and Additions

As you savor the rich flavors of your Sankaya Faktong, consider enhancing the experience with traditional garnishes and additions that’ll complement the custard’s subtle sweetness.

In Thailand, the art of presentation is just as important as the taste of the dish itself. A common garnish is a sprinkling of toasted sesame seeds, which add a nutty crunch that contrasts beautifully with the creamy custard. You might also find thin slices of young coconut meat atop the custard, offering a refreshing texture and slightly sweet flavor.

Freshly grated coconut is another favorite, often lightly toasted to bring out its aroma and flavor. It’s not just about taste—these toppings add a delightful visual appeal as well. For a pop of color and a hint of herbal freshness, consider a small sprig of mint or a few pandan leaves, if you can find them. These aren’t just decorative; their subtle fragrance can enhance the overall sensory experience of your Sankaya Faktong.

Variations of the Classic Recipe

You’ll discover that the classic Sankaya Faktong can be adapted in a variety of ways to suit different tastes and occasions. Let’s say you’re looking for a vegan option; you can swap out regular eggs for silken tofu and use coconut milk as a dairy substitute. The result? A creamy, plant-based delight that doesn’t skimp on the traditional flavors.

Perhaps you want to add a bit more texture to your custard. In that case, mix in some finely chopped nuts or even sweet corn to the custard mixture before baking. These additions lend a surprising crunch and a burst of flavor with every bite.

Are you catering to a crowd that loves a spicy kick? Introduce a hint of ginger or a pinch of cinnamon to the custard. These spices pair beautifully with the pumpkin’s natural sweetness and add a warm, aromatic twist to your dessert.

Don’t have a whole pumpkin on hand? No problem. Use small, hollowed-out kabocha squash or acorn squash for individual servings. They make for an impressive presentation and a fun, personalized touch to the dining experience.

With these variations, you can keep the essence of Sankaya Faktong while making it uniquely yours. Enjoy experimenting and finding your perfect blend of flavors!

Sankaya Faktong Recipe_03

Storing and Reheating Leftovers

How do you ensure that your leftover Sankaya Faktong stays as delicious as when it was first made? Proper storage is key. Pop your leftovers in an airtight container; it’ll keep the custard fresh and prevent it from absorbing any odors in the fridge. Aim to consume it within three days for the best experience.

When you’re ready to dive back in, reheating is a breeze. If you prefer your Sankaya Faktong warm, a quick steam works wonders. Just place the custard in a steamer over boiling water for a few minutes. Keep a watchful eye to make sure you don’t overheat it, as this can cause the custard to become rubbery.

Alternatively, if the thought of cold custard tickles your fancy, simply take it out of the fridge a bit before you plan to enjoy it to bring it to room temperature. This way, it warms up slightly, offering a creamy texture that’s just right.

Pairing With Other Thai Desserts and Herbal Drinks

Sankaya Faktong’s rich texture complements the lightness of traditional Thai desserts like mango sticky rice and the refreshing zing of herbal lemongrass tea. When you’re planning a Thai-themed dessert spread, consider pairing your luscious pumpkin custard with these favorites to create a well-rounded experience.

Imagine the sweetness of mango sticky rice, its glutinous texture and ripe mango flavor offering a delightful contrast to the creamy and subtly spiced Sankaya Faktong. It’s a duo that balances richness with freshness, each bite taking you on a culinary journey through Thailand’s dessert landscape.

Don’t forget to round off your dessert feast with a soothing herbal drink. A glass of cold lemongrass tea, known for its digestive benefits and citrusy undertones, will cleanse your palate and enhance the overall taste. This herbal infusion isn’t only a fantastic companion to Thai sweets but also a way to imbibe the essence of Thai flavors.

If you prefer something warm, a cup of ginger tea can be just as complementary. Its spicy kick can cut through the custard’s sweetness, ensuring each dessert stands out without overwhelming the senses. So go ahead, indulge in these pairings, and let the harmony of flavors transport you to the heart of Thai dessert culture.

Sankaya Faktong Recipe_02

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Sankaya Faktong Be Made Vegan, and if So, What Substitutes Work Best for the Eggs and Dairy?

Yes, you can make it vegan by swapping out eggs for silken tofu or a commercial egg replacer.

Instead of dairy milk, opt for coconut milk, which complements the dish’s flavors well. You’ll still get that creamy texture and the coconut adds an extra tropical twist.

Remember to use a sweetener like agave or maple syrup instead of traditional sugar, which may not be vegan due to its processing with bone char.

What Are the Potential Health Benefits or Nutritional Values Associated With Eating Sankaya Faktong?

You’re looking at the health benefits and nutritional values of a dish that’s quite wholesome.

Sankaya faktong is packed with vitamins, particularly A and C, from the pumpkin, and offers a good dose of fiber.

It’s also got calcium and protein from the eggs and dairy.

These nutrients support your vision, immune system, and bone health.

Just be mindful of the sugar content to keep it as a nutritious choice.

How Can I Incorporate Sankaya Faktong Into a Formal Thai Dinner Menu? What Courses Would It Follow or Precede?

You’re planning a formal Thai dinner and want to include a special dessert. Sankaya faktong fits perfectly. Serve it after a savory main course, like green curry or pad Thai. It’s a sweet finish that won’t overshadow the earlier flavors.

Have it follow a light salad or soup, but before any fruit or tea. This custard, nestled in pumpkin, adds an elegant touch to your meal, impressing guests with its unique presentation and delicious taste.

Are There Any Cultural Taboos or Superstitions Related to Sankaya Faktong in Thai Tradition?

You might be curious about cultural nuances regarding Thai dishes. Specifically for sankaya faktong, there aren’t any widespread taboos or superstitions tied to it. It’s generally seen as a festive and delightful dessert. Enjoy it without worry, as it’s a treat that’s welcomed at most occasions, fitting seamlessly into your formal dinner as a sweet conclusion, following savory courses.

No specific customs dictate its consumption, so you’re free to savor it with ease.

Can Sankaya Faktong Be Made in Advance for Large Events, and What Are the Best Practices for Transporting It Without Compromising Its Texture and Taste?

You can definitely prepare Sankaya Faktong ahead of time for big events. To ensure it stays delicious, cool it completely before transporting. Use a flat, stable surface and avoid jostling to maintain its texture.

If it’s hot out, keep it chilled in a cooler. When you’re ready to serve, let it come to room temperature for the best flavor and consistency.

Proper planning will make a big difference in preserving its taste and texture.

Mint Thai Cafe Profile

About Mint Thai Cafe

My name is Mint. I am a Thai girl who loves to cook and share my Thai food with everyone! Learn more about me here.

Social Media

Stay Updated

Simple Form Button Below

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Recipe Rating